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Revista ComCiência lança livro com seleção de textos sobre divulgação científica

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Publicação de 276 páginas (livre para download) marca a edição 200 da revista de jornalismo científico do Laboratório de Estudos Avançados em Jornalismo (Labjor) da Unicamp

ComCiência e divulgação científica marca a edição número 200 da revista ComCiência, celebrando quase 20 anos de uma trajetória de experiências e experimentações na divulgação científica e cultural. [Clique aqui para fazer o download em formato PDF]

O livro é dividido em três partes. A primeira delas traz artigos já publicados na revista, na edição nº 197 (Especial Divulgação Científica), além de contar com alguns textos inéditos de colaboradores nacionais e internacionais.

A segunda parte contempla textos elaborados pelos alunos da décima turma do curso de especialização em jornalismo científico e cultural do Labjor. Eles reportam diversas faces da comunicação científica, e apresentam questões que vão do jornalismo de dados aos desafios para que a divulgação se consolide ainda mais tanto no Brasil quanto na América Latina.

A terceira parte é uma rememoração especial. Há 10 anos, a revista ComCiência trazia uma edição comemorativa, em seu 100º dossiê. Parte dessa obra foi incorporada neste livro, com algumas poucas atualizações nos textos selecionados, limitando-se basicamente às novas normas gramaticais vigentes.

Em se tratando de homenagens, destacamos também o selo artístico da edição número 100, elaborado pelo artista gráfico João Baptista da Costa Aguiar, falecido em 2017. Pedimos que sua filha Rita reproduzisse a imagem, agora com o número da edição 200. Gentilmente atendidos, a imagem estampa a primeira seção deste livro, em homenagem ao artista.

Os textos da edição 100, que retratam o panorama analisado e vislumbrado em 2008, permanecem atualíssimos, e ajudam a todos que querem compreender os percursos da divulgação científica no Brasil ao longo do tempo. Trazem experiências riquíssimas em museus, televisão, estudos culturais, livros.

É preciso assinalar que este compêndio chega ao público no mês em que a Sociedade Brasileira para o Progresso da Ciência (SBPC) completa 70 anos de atividades, em um momento especialmente desafiador para a comunidade científica do país, agudamente ameaçada por uma política de subfinanciamento, desmonte e precarização da pesquisa nacional.

Este livro, em seu conjunto, traz grande parte dos autores que trabalham – e batalham – pela área de divulgação há tempos no Brasil, e esperamos que seja um aporte proveitoso e de referência para a área.

Carlos Vogt, Marina Gomes e Ricardo Muniz

ComCiência

The post Revista ComCiência lança livro com seleção de textos sobre divulgação científica appeared first on Jornal da Ciência.

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iaravps
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Los migrantes han cruzado el Mediterráneo durante siglos, pero antes se desplazaban de norte a sur

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Un mapa del siglo XVI de Europa y África del Norte. Luis Texieira, Portulano, Lisboa, ca. 1600 via Wikimedia Commons.

El nombramiento de Matteo Salvini, líder del partido ultraderechista Lega, como nuevo ministro del Interior de Italia ha dado lugar a una confrontación relacionada con las migraciones en el Mediterráneo. Por primera vez, Italia negaba la entrada en sus puertos a un barco que transportaba migrantes rescatados en el mar, en un contexto de estancamiento cada vez más áspero de la política migratoria en la Unión Europea. Se han producido bloqueos similares con otros dos barcos.

El discurso racista que ha encontrado terreno fértil en el debate público sobre la migración en Europa se basa fundamentalmente en dos suposiciones erróneas: que la migración es un fenómeno nuevo y que el Mediterráneo ha estado “dividido” desde antiguo, en el sentido de que la población siempre se ha desplazado desde la desfavorecida ribera sur hasta la próspera ribera norte.

La migración ocupa un lugar central en la historia del Mediterráneo, y hay una rica tradición de conexión entre sus dos riberas. A principios de la Edad Moderna, entre los siglos XVI y XVIII aproximadamente, la movilidad era intensa y variada, de forma similar a como lo es hoy.

A principios de la Edad Moderna era principalmente la población de Europa la que se desplazaba a África y al Oriente Medio en busca de una vida mejor o para escapar de la persecución religiosa. Esta tendencia aumentó en el siglo XIX. Desde la década de 1830, los campesinos empobrecidos de España, Malta, Italia y Francia migraron en masa hacia África del Norte. La migración italiana alcanzó su nivel más alto en las primeras décadas del siglo XX, cuando registró un promedio de 12.770 emigrantes al año.

Motivos de los desplazamientos

Muchas de las personas que cruzaban el Mediterráneo a principios de la Edad Moderna lo hacían contra su voluntad, para huir de la guerra o de la persecución política o religiosa. El caso más manifiesto de lo que hoy llamaríamos “refugiados por motivos religiosos” fue la expulsión de miles de judíos y musulmanes de España en 1492. Los judíos expulsados se reasentaron en Grecia, los estados Italianos, África del Norte y el Oriente Medio, que en esa época estaba gobernado por sultanes otomanos. Durante toda la etapa inicial de la Edad Moderna, los judíos se desplazaron hacia el sur, a los territorios del Imperio otomano, para intentar escapar de la persecución que con frecuencia sufrían en Europa.

Otra forma de desplazamiento forzoso estaba relacionada con la trata de personas. Las antiguas rutas del comercio de esclavos que cruzaban la región desde la antigüedad favorecían la llegada de esclavos africanos a Europa y a los territorios del Imperio otomano. Los habitantes de las costas de España, África del Norte, Italia y Palestina también eran capturados a menudo durante los frecuentes ataques de piratas y vendidos más tarde como esclavos. En las redes de piratas y corsarios podían caer fácilmente buques y embarcaciones de diversas dimensiones, lo que daba lugar a que se vieran esclavizados, asimismo, muchos ingleses y holandeses.

Barco francés atacado por piratas. Aert Anthoniszoon via Wikimedia Commons

La población también viajaba a través del Mediterráneo por voluntad propia. La región siempre se ha caracterizado por constantes desplazamientos de soldados, peregrinos, diplomáticos y viajeros. Al igual que hoy, se desplazaban hombres y mujeres en busca de una vida mejor, con la salvedad de que, a principios de la Edad Moderna, tales desplazamientos tenían lugar en su mayor parte desde la ribera norte hacia la ribera sur del Mediterráneo.

Conocer a los vecinos más próximos

Normalmente, la población de Europa se desplazaba al Imperio otomano para buscar fortuna, escapar de la justicia o mejorar sus perspectivas sociales en una tierra que ofrecía grandes oportunidades a los recién llegados. Parte de esa población encontró grandes oportunidades de prosperidad. La historia del Mediterráneo abunda en ejemplos de italianos e ingleses, entre otras nacionalidades, que llegaron a ocupar puestos destacados y de rango en las regencias norteafricanas y en Constantinopla (la actual Estambul).

Fuera cual fuera la razón, el desplazamiento hacia los territorios del Imperio otomano no implicaba necesariamente una ruptura de los lazos personales. En 1591, una joven de Venecia, Beatrice Michiel, se embarcó rumbo a Constantinopla, donde se reunió con su hermano, Gazanfer. Este, esclavizado de niño y formado en la corte del Imperio otomano, se había convertido en uno de los sirvientes de confianza del sultán y llegó a ocupar altos cargos en la jerarquía otomana. Durante los más de 20 años que vivió en Constantinopla, Gazanfer nunca perdió el contacto con su madre y su hermana en Venecia, y esta última posteriormente decidió reunirse con él.

Roxelana y Solimán el Magnífico, 1780. Anton Hickel via Wikimedia Commons.

Las cartas de quienes se habían establecido de forma permanente en tierras otomanas y las historias de los esclavos rescatados que volvieron a su país de origen, los mercaderes y los viajantes también contribuyeron a que circularan relatos e ideas sobre los “vecinos”. Entre las historias que circularon en la Venecia del siglo XVII, una de las más célebres es la de Roxelana, una niña esclava cristiana, nacida en Rohatyn (en la actual Ucrania), que se casó con Solimán el Magnífico y recibió el nombre de Hürrem Sultan. Estas historias avivaban la curiosidad de la población y alimentaban su deseo de cruzar el mar.

También circulaban bienes, objetos y alimentos. Entre los siglos XVI y XVIII, las élites europeas sentían fascinación por la cultura turca. La moda de estilo otomano inspiraba la música, la arquitectura y toda clase de artículos.

A principios de la Edad Moderna, las normativas que regulaban la llegada de extranjeros, los controles de fronteras y las políticas de acogida eran muy diversas en el Mediterráneo. Con frecuencia las autoridades adoptaban un enfoque muy práctico. Así, en los siglos XV y XVI, el Estado otomano acogió refugiados judíos con el fin de aprovechar sus competencias técnicas y sus redes comerciales.

Puesto que en esa época todavía no había nacido la ideología del estado-nación del siglo XIX, en las políticas de acogida a veces tenían un mayor peso factores como la religión, y no la “ciudadanía” ni el origen. Por ejemplo, durante la Reforma, el Papa intentó restringir la llegada y la estancia de protestantes en el Estado pontificio. En el Imperio otomano la pertenencia religiosa también influía en la política de integración, pues las comunidades religiosas se encargaban de proporcionar asistencia a los recién llegados que pertenecían a su misma confesión religiosa.

Un cambio de dirección

Esta tendencia prevalente de las migraciones que cruzaban el Mediterráneo de norte a sur se mantuvo hasta el siglo XX. A partir de ese momento, se produjo un cambio en la dirección contraria. Tuvo lugar un primer flujo de campesinos empobrecidos que se desplazaron desde África del Norte hacia Europa a causa de la colonización europea; posteriormente, tras los movimientos de independencia que tuvieron lugar después de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, se produjo el regreso de los europeos que se habían establecido en las colonias. Más tarde, en los años setenta, la llegada de trabajadores procedentes del sur del Mediterráneo se vio impulsada por los Gobiernos europeos que necesitaban mano de obra.

Las causas de este cambio de dirección en los flujos migratorios deben buscarse en procesos económicos y políticos que se iniciaron ya en el siglo XVII, como, por ejemplo, la creciente influencia del poder europeo. Esta evolución llegará a reconfigurar la relación económica entre las dos riberas del Mediterráneo. Con el tiempo acabará dando lugar a la transformación del Oriente Medio y África del Norte, durante los siglos posteriores, en proveedores de materias primas para las fábricas francesas y británicas y allanando el camino de la colonización.

Todo lo expuesto muestra que la dirección de las migraciones no es inmutable, sino que, al contrario, se ve influida por las circunstancias históricas. También pone de manifiesto el modo en que las tendencias migratorias en el Mediterráneo se vieron afectadas por procesos como la colonización.

The Conversation

Felicita Tramontana recibe financiación de la Comisión Europea, en el marco de "Horizonte 2020".

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iaravps
5 days ago
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Edital de Fomento para Desenvolvedor de Software Livre

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O LabLivre da Universidade Federal do ABC lançou edital para dar apoio financeiro a desenvolvedoras e desenvolvedores de software livre. 

Serão contemplados até sete projetos de programação de novas funcionalidades, ou aprimoramento de funcionalidades já existentes, em software livre cultural.

Software livre cultural é todo programa de computador com código aberto utilizado por artistas, gestores, produtores e demais agentes culturais na concepção, produção, criação, edição e finalização de produtos culturais. 

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iaravps
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Altmetria e Ciência Aberta na América Latina #LATmetrics

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Entre os dias 28 e 30 de novembro de 2018, a cidade de Niterói, no Rio de Janeiro, receberá a primeira edição do LATmetrics – Altmetria e Ciência Aberta na América Latina. O evento internacional será realizado no Núcleo de Biomassa da Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF) e visa promover o debate sobre o uso de métricas alternativas para a circulação da ciência e práticas científicas abertas no território latino-americano.

O I LATmetrics surge em um momento de efervescência tanto para a comunicação científica quanto para a geografia da ciência. Mídias sociais e outros espaços digitais têm sido cada vez mais usados por pesquisadores e instituições para o compartilhamento de suas pesquisas com a sociedade, mudando a forma como medimos o impacto social da produção acadêmica. Novas oportunidades e uma série de desafios se impõem aos países periféricos, visto que a cobertura e a qualidade dos dados sobre métricas alternativas não costumam ser compatíveis com as dinâmicas da comunicação científica desenvolvidas nesta região.

Diante desse panorama instigante, pesquisadores de diversas áreas do conhecimento se reunirão pela primeira vez para compartilhar os avanços da pesquisa sobre altmetria e da ciência aberta no contexto latino-americano. Voltado para pesquisadores, avaliadores da ciência, agentes de decisões de políticas públicas, bibliotecários, instituições de pesquisa, estudantes e demais interessados, o I LATmetrics discutirá temas relacionados à circulação científica nos espaços sociais digitais, à cobertura de dados e ao impacto da ciência para a sociedade.

Para além dos debates, o evento será pioneiro na consolidação de uma comissão latino-americana de especialistas em altmetria. A partir dessa iniciativa, pretende-se construir ferramentas e estratégias para viabilizar a aplicação dessa corrente de mensuração na avaliação de pesquisas na região, trazendo resultados efetivos e atualizados sobre os benefícios da pesquisa científica para suas nações.

O congresso é voltado a estudantes de graduação e pós-graduação e pesquisadores com trabalhos que apresentem interfaces com estudos sobre altmetria e ciência aberta. Interessados em participar dos grupos de trabalho e/ou apresentação de painéis e pôsteres deverão enviar um resumo expandido da pesquisa (título, 250-500 palavras e até cinco palavras-chave) até o dia 08/07. O formulário para submissão de propostas está disponível neste link e o congresso está aceitando trabalhos até o dia  08  20 de julho de 2018 (Agradecemos à Nossa Senhora da CAPES pela prorrogação do prazo de submnissão, amém!!! 😉 ).

Serão aceitos trabalhos relacionados aos seguintes eixos temáticos:

  • Cobertura de dados na América Latina

  • Ciência aberta na América Latina

  • Métricas alternativas (altmetrics) na América Latina

  • Circulação e divulgação científica

  • Ciência e sociedade – interações públicas com a ciência

  • Políticas públicas e políticas científicas

  • Estudos bibliométricos e avaliação da produção científica

  • Aquisição de financiamento

  • Construção de colaborações de pesquisas internacionais

  • Avaliação da produção científica em línguas não-inglesas

  • Artes e humanidades: avaliação dos resultados da pesquisa não tradicional

Curta a página do evento no Facebook para mais informações: facebook.com/latmetrics

Siga a conta do evento no Twitter: @latmetrics



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iaravps
9 days ago
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#altmetrics #ciênciaaberta #openscience
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#1120: The Creepy Guy In The Friend Group, Revisited: Four More Geek Social Fallacies

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Content note: After the jump I mention Rape Threats Dudes Have Sent Me for saying what I think about creepy dudes.

Dear Captain,

Over the past several years I’ve drifted to the periphery of a friend group where one member is a sexist creep. I immediately found him slimy and pushy and off-putting upon meeting him, but gave him the benefit of the doubt because he’s my friend’s brother — and then learned that he’s heavily into PUA bullshit and was pretty much being awful on purpose. It was a few years into my friendship his sister that he started hanging out with everyone, and as he’s spent more time with the group, I’ve spent much less. (Not just because of him, but he’s definitely one reason.) There’s only one friend I’ve explicitly discussed this with, and he’s sympathetic when we talk privately, but I don’t get the sense Mr. Plumed Fedora experiences much pushback at all from anyone in the group — including me, which is also something I’m really struggling with — when he casually complains about “feminazis,” creeps on every woman he encounters, etc.

Recently an opportunity came up to maybe spend more time with the group and I was kind of excited about it but… I truly loathe this guy and resent the amount of time I’ve already spent with him. Is there a good way to say “Your brother/friend is a misogynist and I don’t want to be around him, no offense”? Should I suck it up? Continue fading out? Finally learn to stop avoiding conflict?

Thanks,
M’lady Nay

M’lady,

Did you know that this post about what to do about the creepy cude in the friend group is the most-read, most-linked, most-discussed post here, ever, even six years later?

Did you know that men still email me about it sometimes to tell me I’m a horrible person who probably deserves to be raped, six years later? Like “if you think that’s what rapists act like or think everyone is probably a rapist you should probably get raped” x 1000, and it’s like, “Hey Rapey Robert/Death Threat Dave/Threatening Thomas/”Ethics In Gaming Journalism” Greg, nice Pepe the Frog avatar you’ve got there, thanks for the feedback. I definitely don’t think every man is a rapist, but is there any part of your email that isn’t proving my point about what potential rapists act like?” 

(I don’t actually write back) (I used to get really scared by these emails but I don’t anymore)(I usually assume it’s happening because some woman in their friend group finally got fed up and finally told them “read this, because you are being this dude”  and now the dude’s gotta find someone new to take it all out on because he can’t act like a butthole at Trivia Night anymore, so they choose me, in which case, KEEP ROCKING, AWESOME PEOPLE! If these assholes are feeling consequences for what they are like, you are doing something right.)

You’re doing just fine with “your brother/friend is a misogynist and I don’t want to be around him, no offense” script! I also laughed at your email subject line: “this is probably like three different Geek Social Fallacies” I think it hits all five, personally, and you’ve inspired me to define some more, so, well done, good work, thank you.

When the people in your social group inevitably say “He’s not that bad” or “But faaaaaamily!” or otherwise try to defend hanging out with him you can say “Maybe he’s not that bad…to you. If you still want to hang out with him, that’s okay, I’m not your boss, but I know I’ll be happier staying away from places he’s going to be. Let me know if you want to do something one-on-one, though, ’cause I really like you.” 

One thing that can be empowering in You versus The Group (+ This Fucking Guy) situations is to take more initiative in spending time with the people you want to see. Be more of a planner, and invite people to hang out one-on-one, or in smaller groups. Mix a few of the cooler people with friends you know from other social circles. If you’re proactive and you’re controlling the invite list, you can have more fun at your events, and you can also push back on people who try to insist on including Creepy McGee. “When it’s your event you can invite anyone you want. X and I don’t get along/You know I find him creepy/I wanted a misogyny-free evening, so, nope!” 

Sometimes you have to make it clear that it’s a smaller/more selective invite list, especially if the group has the “we all do everything together/all are welcome” vibe for their usual hangouts, so, be specific when you make the invitations. “I’d love to have a few people over for a dinner party, I’ve only got the 5 chairs so please RSVP, and sorry, no +1s this time.” Do the inviting off of Facebook or other social media, too, vs. creating events that anyone can see or add people to.

Ok, let’s talk about group situations where someone says something gross and nobody pushes back on it. Maybe there’s a really awkward silence for a second, but your friend is probably used to smoothing things over for her brother, and it doesn’t really register with the offensive person at all.

Creeps and misogynists (and racists, and other people you don’t want at your parties) don’t respond to hints. They operate under the assumption that everyone secretly agrees with them and is just “too triggered” or “too politically correct” or “too sensitive” (or whatever the code word that we are too much of is today) to “say what they’re really thinking.” Silence, hints, a strategically raised eyebrow, people quietly flashing side-eye around the circle, etc. just gives them a pool of plausible deniability to keep right on pooping into. And if the people around them are pretty conflict-averse, or (understandably) afraid of becoming a target or provoking them further, or (understandably) afraid that no one will stand up for them or (understandably) afraid that other people secretly agree with what the asshole is saying, or (understandably) are worried that everyone really likes the asshole and will side with them (cough…Chris Hardwick…cough) it just perpetuates the thing where The Asshole can say horrible things and not really get called on it, so he keeps saying asshole things to try to provoke a reaction and then sort of revel in his power when nobody stops him.

This is the wrong social feedback loop and sometimes you just gotta be the one who fixes it.

Even if it doesn’t convince the asshole. (It probably won’t).

Even if other people don’t stand up with you. (They might not).

Even if it’s scary and the night is “ruined” once you say something. (It was already ruined, for you.)

Even if you lose your temper or it comes out garbled or you shake or your voice shakes or you cry. (It might.)

Even if the people you like in the group are mad at you for not enabling the creep…and them…in putting up with misogyny. (It’s possible.)

I truly think in my heart of hearts that it will be good FOR YOU to have spoken up.

And I think there are some additional Geek Social Fallacies at play in the world, and we urgently need to find some ways to deal with them.

Edited to Add: If you’ve never heard of the Five Geek Social Fallacies before, read that link! It’s one of several extremely useful posts out there in the world about “Hey, why do people who we know behave badly still get to hang out in all our spaces and ruin all our parties and social groups?” Another great one one is The Missing Stair. [/edit]

GSF #6 “Calling out bad behavior makes you just as bad as the person who was doing the bad behavior.” 

It takes many forms:

“I know Dave keeps grabbing your ass when you walk by, but you didn’t really need to yell at him like that! How is he supposed to learn if you can’t even be polite?” 

“Punching Nazis might turn totally normal people who definitely didn’t have any problematic beliefs before this moment into Nazis!” 

“I know Uncle Carl said some racist things at dinner, but how do you expect him to learn if you can’t sit silently while he does that? Don’t you want to be civil?” 

“When you call creepy men creepy it hurts their feelings and makes them more likely to be creepy.” 

There are so many versions and offshoots, like “People who believe and do evil shit aren’t evil deep down, and if you just patiently explained it to them for long enough they would stop being so evil!” or one that is starring in my inbox right now “Jennifer, when you use swear words don’t you know that you discredit your entire argument? I won’t be reading your blog any more (but I will send you a 1000-word email about your blog…the one that I don’t read and definitely won’t be reading anymore… at least once a week…for the rest of time…btw you should probably get raped)” 

The people who indulge these GSF want you to fight bad behavior by….being quiet about it and letting it continue? What? That can’t be right.

In the most generous interpretation, people who indulge in this fallacy don’t know what to do about the awful (racist, misogynist, ableist, homophobic, transphobic, possibly violent, etc. etc.) sentiments and behavior, so they freeze. Maybe they feel bad and guilty for not saying something themselves. Less-generously-but-depressingly-possible, maybe they agree with the horrible things that were said and feel embarrassed about that, like, shhhhhhhhhh, don’t turn our dogwhistle into a regular whistle, it’s embarrassing!

Whatever their reasons, what GSF #6 Fallacy Holders do is to immediately silence what you are saying (“That was sexist, stop it”) and ignore what the other person was doing ([insert repulsive words and/or behaviors here]) in order to make “but you said it wrong!” the territory of the argument. They want the discomfort that the awful person introduced into the situation to stop, but they incorrectly locate the source of their discomfort in the person who resisted it, and then they try to pressure that person into being silent so everyone can go back to being comfortable.

Everyone except the person who was hurt by the asshole’s words or behavior, that is. They are fine with your discomfort (as long as you are quiet about it).

GSF #7: “I can tell if someone is A Good Person or not based on whether they’ve been nice…to me.”

From the serial killer who was “always a polite, quiet neighbor” to the abuser who can keep their temper just fine around friends, bosses, & strangers but “totally loses control!” only when it comes to their victims and only when it won’t have legal consequences or make them look bad to others, to the person who is probably a pillar of his church community, but won’t let a pregnant woman use the bathroom if she’s the wrong race, everyone needs to understand this and understand it quick:

People can selectively be nice to the people whose opinions they care about and who they don’t want to harm. And predators consciously groom and choose people around them to be their defenders and spokespeople, the exact same way they groom their victims.

A lot of what you personally experience as “kindness” or “he’s a great guy!” from a misogynist is really about power and what they can get away with. 

For example, at my first post-college job, the creepy senior employee who ogled me all day, made up reasons to force me to have to come to his office, offered me rides home every day and (when I refused) followed me home in his car, driving slowly next to me while I walked, begging me to get in the whole time, and then parked across the street from my house for hours at a time, etc. was VERY friendly and gregarious in the office. He was a churchgoer with many framed Bible quotes in his office, he wore sweater-vests, he talked like Ned Flanders from the Simpsons. He often bought lunch for the whole office and brought baked goods from home. Nobody believed me about his weird behavior, they believed him when he said he was just concerned about my safety walking alone (in broad daylight, in Georgetown which if you don’t know is an extremely wealthy college neighborhood that is policed within an inch of its life), and they laughed at me for having “a crush” on him. Long after I quit, they finally believed he was not so nice when he embezzled a whole bunch of money, tried to frame a young Somali refugee who worked there for what he did, and disappeared without a trace with tons of their money, though! An expensive lesson, for everyone.

I think geeks/nerds are especially susceptible to GSF #7 because so many of us have been ostracized or bullied as kids. We hunger for kindness, so when One Of The Cool Kids shows us that kindness it’s even more precious and harder to let go of. If someone tells you someone who has always been nice to you is not actually that nice, consider for a second that you don’t know everything about them. What if we could learn expensive and uncomfortable lessons much earlier, by saying “I believe you, let me see what I can do” to the victim of the bad behavior and “Hey, I like you a lot, can you knock off doing that gross thing so I can keep liking you” to the perpetrator? If someone you like is behaving badly, you probably couldn’t have prevented it, but could you at least not become their flying monkey after the fact?

Could we reverse the current of social pressure that teaches victims not to speak up so that awkwardness flows toward perpetrators?

Please?

Now?

GSF #8: “If you show emotion about a topic, your argument is invalid.”

We could also state this one as “If you are personally affected by the thing that is up for debate, you are biased, and that is Somehow Bad.” Others have written about it in the context of South Park, where being a secret Nazi is hilarious but caring sincerely about something is the real problem, and deserving of ridicule.

What a crock of shit.

Fortunately, Melissa McEwan wrote about this double-bind so beautifully in her piece, The Terrible Bargain We Have Regretfully Struck:

“There are the occasions that men—intellectual men, clever men, engaged men—insist on playing devil’s advocate, desirous of a debate on some aspect of feminist theory or reproductive rights or some other subject generally filed under the heading: Women’s Issues. These intellectual, clever, engaged men want to endlessly probe my argument for weaknesses, want to wrestle over details, want to argue just for fun—and they wonder, these intellectual, clever, engaged men, why my voice keeps raising and why my face is flushed and why, after an hour of fighting my corner, hot tears burn the corners of my eyes. Why do you have to take this stuff so personally? ask the intellectual, clever, and engaged men, who have never considered that the content of the abstract exercise that’s so much fun for them is the stuff of my life.

There is the perplexity at my fury that my life experience is not considered more relevant than the opinionated pronouncements of men who make a pastime of informal observation, like womanhood is an exotic locale which provides magnificent fodder for the amateur ethnographer. And there is the haughty dismissal of my assertion that being on the outside looking in doesn’t make one more objective; it merely provides a different perspective.”

I think about this “lady emotions are dumb, man logic is superior!” fallacy all the time as I watch thousands of young men who would describe themselves as Extremely Logical People become viscerally enraged at a Star Wars movie they didn’t like. It’s kinda funny, but when those same men harass female performers off social media because they didn’t like the movie, it’s suddenly not funny at all. Like, let’s sit with the absurdity of what they are doing for a second. As the primo target audience for Ocean’s 8, I personally think it should 100% have been directed by a woman and that the James Corden insurance investigator part should 100% have been played by Rene Russo in a reprise of her Thomas Crown Affair role (and also that character should be “Lou”/Cate Blanchett’s ex-lover) but I’m not suggesting”let’s all go tell Gary Ross & James Corden they should get raped every day until we have JUSTICE Lololo1!!!” (Like, I know I am joking about a terrible terrible thing so in all seriousness, please, please do not ever do that, it’s just a fucking movie. Go write some hot fan fiction where Cate and Renee do crime and borrow each other’s wardrobes and then email me the link to that fan fiction).

Feelings are just one kind of information. Experiences are extremely informed sources of information. They are not the only information, but they aren’t not-information, either? They have a part to play.

What if we acted like the the people most affected by something/who have the most at stake/who have the most to lose/who have been the most fucked over by the status quo are the center of where our caring should go and the primary experts on what would fix things, but on like, a national or even global level? And what if caring for them was way more important than our “objective” debates about what they need and deserve?

In the meantime, the idea that “your emotions and your experiences with a thing make you uninformed and unqualified to talk about it, but my emotions (that I have renamed ‘logic’) and my lack of experience with a thing make me more informed and qualified than you” is a brand of bullshit that I will be fighting until my dying day, one really really long blog post at a time.

Will you join me?

GSF #9: “The most important thing to think about when speaking up about injustice is what will *convince* the other person to be on your side.” 

As in, when someone mistreats you or others, convincing them not to and converting them to thinking as you do and educating them endlessly, in real time, on demand, on their schedule (whether or not they even want to be convinced), with complete and selfless empathy for why they feel as they do and why they said what they said is your sole, immediate responsibility, more important than your own feelings, safety, ethics, the safety or comfort of anyone nearby or anyone in the world who may be affected by what they did, regardless of how much energy or will you have to do it or how likely they are to be convinced.

For GSF #9 holders, it’s not enough for you to say “Hey, knock it off there buddy,” or “If you’re going to say stuff like that, I need to be elsewhere, byeeee,” NO! You must convince them…OR NOTHING. (i.e. be silent). You must convince them, gently, kindly, with perfect grammar and spelling and no icky emotions like anger at what they did or fear for what they might do, you must make them feel GREAT and WELCOME in your space or else you are letting your whole side down and it will be YOUR FAULT when they do and say awful things.

I think there is enormous value in trying to change hearts and minds and that is the long game, the work that will never stop.

But it’s not the only thing I value. Sometimes what I value is making the bad thing stop and stop right fucking now. Sometimes what I value is making consequences for people who do or say the bad things – there are people who persuasion will never reach, but who might understand power or social disapproval or the risk of being disinvited if they behave badly. Sometimes what I value is protecting myself and other people from the harm that they do, and the hearts and minds of assholes can be their own fucking business.

Sometimes I’m just a human being whose supply of fucks to give runs low and I lose my temper. Oops?

When a gross dude in a literal or metaphorical fedora is like “Hey Sweet Tits want to come over and see my Ayn Rand tattoos? I can explain them all to you, at length and in detail” or “Your hysteria over the coming erosion of reproductive rights is just wasting everyone’s time with dumb ‘identity politics’, why don’t you calm down pay attention to the Really Important Stuff (i.e. stuff that I care about)” and you are like NO and also GROSS and also I WILL NOT CALM DOWN, SIR, I DO BITE MY THUMB AT THEE, PERFORCE, YOU ARE LUCKY I DO NOT MAKE YOU MEET ME WITH PISTOLS AT DAWN…

…and people are like “Calm down why are you being so mean/emotional/hysterical, you’re going to lose the argument unless you maintain perfect detachment at all times

…those people are also sort of saying “I…I mean some people… are looking for an excuse to agree with your tormentor, please don’t give me…I mean them… one by having embarrassing tears or acting angry about what they are doing! If they aren’t convinced, and if I…I mean some people…end up joining their side, it will be all your fault when I/they do!

…maybe…

…I don’t know…

…this may sound weird…

But maybe they were never really gonna be on your side, and what they think isn’t the most important thing in the world?

…And maybe it’s important that you say something back even if it isn’t going to be the one true magical thing that convinces someone not to be a misogynist anymore? That perfect thing that, don’t forget, you must somehow express with perfect politeness and grace?

Maybe it isn’t your job to convince that person, especially not right then in that moment. Maybe you are not their Basic Humanity Tutor. Maybe today isn’t your turn to be the Asshole Whisperer. Maybe speaking up is about something else entirely. Maybe it’s sufficient just to name their actions for what they are so that other people can recognize them, and it’s not your job to fix every asshole that you meet.

Maybe you’re doing it for YOU and as a way to remove plausible deniability that everyone agrees with them and to reassert POWER in the social spaces you occupy regardless of whether these people are ever convinced or even can be convinced. (Like maybe holidays don’t belong to your most racist and loudmouthed relative and you do not have to quietly retreat from having a family because he can’t shut the fuck up for one day (but you are expected to “behave yourself, Young Lady”).

Maybe it would be ok if you “made a scene” or whatever they’re using today as “the worst thing you could possibly do” in order to police your feelings and reactions down to a size that can let them stay comfortable with the unfairness of the world.

Maybe it’s just the right thing to do even if it isn’t easy or comfortable and even if it won’t convince one single soul.  And, in the good words of my beloved ride-or-die Goat Lady, as pertains to some current political discussions:

“Yknow I get that some people are really uncomfortable with confrontation but ima need those folks to just go back inside and keep their heads down instead of pretending they have some kind of precious moral high ground because they don’t want offend fascists.”

If you can’t speak up, if you’re afraid to speak up, if you are uncomfortable speaking up, if you’ve never spoken up before and you don’t know how to start, okay? It’s okay to be scared. It’s okay to be still learning. Do what you have to do to survive from one moment to the next. But do not act like silence is something to strive for and like breaking it is the real faux pas when people’s survival is on the line. I see you.

So again, maybe someone’s horrendous and abusive views and whatever straw-man-dressed-in-red-flags strategy the people who wish you would just shut up already erroneously think will ultimately convince people to stop having those views is not even remotely the standard for measuring what you should do when they hurt people.

My lovely Letter Writer M’Lady Nay, how this translates practically to you and your specific letter (vs. me venting literally every internet argument I am currently having feelings about), is this:

It’s okay to not want to go to things where you know a misogynist creep will be coddled and apologized for. “I love playing Betrayal At House On The Hill, I hate being hit on by some creepo I’ve already told to leave me alone 17,000 times, gotta skip it” is a totally reasonable worldview.

And if you do end up at one of those things where this dude will be, and he says or does one of his awful things, it’s okay to say “Gross” or “Try that again with a little less misogyny this time” or “Nobody here wants to fuck you, just stop it and hang out like a person, or the best imitation of one you can pull off, ok?” or “DO NOT TOUCH ME” or “Well, that was a rape-y thing to say, time for one of us to leave. I vote that it’s you.” or “What the fuck, dude?” or “We put up with you because we like your sister. Behave yourself for her sake, or go the fuck home (for her sake), but DO NOT say that creepy shit to me again” or “Oh gee, look at the time, it’s creep-o’clock and I will turn into a pumpkin if I don’t get out of here.” Or “I don’t like what you said just now.” Or “Wow” or “That makes me really uncomfortable” or “Please desist at once, kind sir” or or or or or or or or or or or or.

And when someone says “Come on he was only joking” you say “But it wasn’t funny” and when someone says “Geez, you’re way too sensitive” you say “Yes, I’m very sensitive and I also hate rape jokes, thanks for noticing” and when someone says “God, grow a sense of humor already!” you say “Yes, I will grow a sense of humor and I will fertilize it with the ashes of unfunny men. TO THE BARRICADES, SISTERS! FOR THEMYSCIRA!”

Or you know, whatever comes to mind. My scripts are always gonna work better in your own words.

And when they come for his sister, or his sister feels pressure to defend him because she’s (understandably) afraid they’ll come for her, you say “You are lovely! But your brother is acting like a sexist jerk. If he’s uncomfortable when people don’t like that, maybe he should knock it off. You are not responsible for him and you do not have to defend him. By which I mean, stop defending him, it’s not your job when you didn’t do anything wrong.”

Your voice might shake. Your awesome comeback might come out garbled. You might get talked over by people who are afraid to do what you did. You might stand there alone, while all these people you want so bad to like and believe you let you down.

Maybe…say something anyway?

Say something especially if you have privilege relative to the people who are being targeted. Creepy men who automatically discount what women say listen more when their male friends say “Not cool, bro.” White people who say racist stuff desperately want the social approval and compliance of fellow white people, and when you refuse to give them your compliance and good opinion, it fucking shatters them. Good. Keep doing it.

Here is the secret, the cheat code, the truth: The people you know who are good at speaking up in tense situations probably didn’t start out that way. It is a habit and a skill that you can develop with time and practice. The more you do it, the more you feel like you can do it. And the more you do it, the people who can’t be trusted not to carry water for creeps and assholes will show themselves, making them easier to avoid in the future.

I’m not gonna lie, that can hurt real bad, it can cut you to the bone.

And there may be times you cannot safely speak up, without the threat of violence. In those cases, you are going to be the best judge of what you can safely do. Think of it as “living so you can fight another day” and don’t let it slow you down too much.

But also, the more you speak up, the more the other people in the room who don’t agree with the asshole will seek you out and back you up and start to find their own voices. Someone in that room has been waiting for someone to say “‘Feminazi?’ Really? Are you a time traveling Rush Limbaugh intern here to teach us about hackeysack and jam bands? Get the fuck out of here with that shit, man.”

Maybe they’ve been waiting for you the way you’ve been waiting for them, wondering “Is it just me?” And maybe today is the day you get together and start to fix it.

This hope is why I do what I do.

FOR THEMYSCIRA,

Captain Awkward

 

 

 

 

 



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iaravps
10 days ago
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"I will grow a sense of humor and I will fertilize it with the ashes of unfunny men" new bio
Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
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10 days ago
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Cadê as pessoas no UEADSL2018.1?

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Publiquei este material no fórum de notícias do evento. Apareçam, está muito interessante: http://ueadsl.textolivre.pro.br


Este gráfico mostra as visualizações por tipos de acesso (a linha superior é a soma de todos, as outras correspondem a ouvinte (participante não inscrito no evento), participante (autor, coordenador de mesa e público inscrito) e professor (membros da Comissão Científica e Organizadora).

O primeiro dia do UEADSL segue o padrão dos outros anos, sendo bem movimentado. Na quarta e na quinta mantém-se estável, com um ótimo número de visualizações por participantes inscritos, uma maior participação de professores e diminuição do público ouvinte que chamamos de mudo, pois só observa e não participa com comentários. O gráfico mostra que as pessoas que por aqui passaram no dia 25 visualizaram, no total, 4079 páginas, um número recorde de visualizações no mesmo dia, na história do UEADSL desde 2010. O recorde anterior era de 29 de novembro de 2017, no UEADSL2017.2, quando tivemos 2575 visualizações num único dia.

No Moodle tornou-se mais fácil distinguir as visualizações conforme o foco, por meio da análise dos logs por dia. Podemos, portanto, saber exatamente quantas vezes as páginas do Anfiteatro, exclusivamente, foram acessadas só ontem: 1900 vezes, das quais somente 304 feitas por visitantes não logados.

Imagine só: em média, um participante como você visitou 98 locais diferentes só no dia de ontem e somente contando os espaços do bloco de programação e Anfiteatro. No anfiteatro, que possui 53 salas de apresentação de trabalhos, o trânsito de pessoas por sala ficou em 35 e cada trabalho recebeu, em média, 2,6 comentários. Parece normal, imagine uma sala com 36 pessoas assistindo seu trabalho e 3 delas fazendo pergunta no final: uma boa apresentação de trabalho, não?

Agora, lembremo-nos que os trabalhos no UEADSL ficam todo o tempo sendo apresentados e discutidos. Até ontem, já alcançamos uma média de 147 pessoas assistindo e 7,1 comentários em cada trabalho:

E só tende a aumentar, em geral até domingo.

Então, se você acha que o evento está vazio, se liga: a grande vantagem do evento ser online e assíncrono é que eu posso ir ali tranquilamente buscar um café e continuar assistindo a comunicação exatamente de onde parei, sem perder nada e nem tendo que tropeçar nas pessoas para conseguir um biscoitinho 😀 Mas as pessoas estão aqui, com certeza!

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iaravps
17 days ago
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Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
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